The spartan military

Leonidas I of Sparta Leonidas as depicted in the Hollywood movie Leonidas led Spartans in one of historeis greatest last stands. They fought in full body armor, with figure eight shields for protection.

The spartan military

Spartan Military | Spartan Army | Military of Ancient Sparta

Mycenaean Greece The first reference to the Spartans at war is in the Iliadin which they featured among the other Greek contingents. Like the rest of the Mycenaean-era armies, it was depicted as composed largely of infantry, equipped with short swords, spears, and Dipylon -type "8"-shaped simple round bronze shields.

This was the Golden Age of Warfare. Each opposing army tried to fight through the other line on the right strong or deep side and then turn left; wherefore they would be able to attack the vulnerable flank.

When this happened, it as a rule caused the army to be routed.

The spartan military

The fleeing enemy were The spartan military to the sword only as far as the field of battle extended. The outcome of this one battle would determine the outcome of a particular issue. In the Golden Age of War defeated armies were not massacred; they fled back to their city and conceded superiority to the victors.

War chariots were used by the elite, but unlike their counterparts in the Middle East, they appear to have The spartan military used for transport, with the warrior dismounting to fight on foot and then remounting to withdraw from combat, although some accounts show warriors throwing their spear from the chariot before dismounting.

During this time, Sparta or Lacedaemon was merely a Doric village on the banks of the river Eurotas in Laconia.

However, in the early 8th century BC, Spartan society was transformed. The reforms, which were ascribed by later tradition to the possibly mythical figure of Lycurgus, created new institutions and established the military nature of the Spartan state.

By the beginning of the 7th century BC, Sparta was, along with Argosthe dominant power in the Peloponnese.

Aug 21,  · Watch video · The Spartan Military. Unlike such Greek city-states as Athens, a center for the arts, learning and philosophy, Sparta was centered on a warrior culture. Nick Sekunda examines this unique military machine in this book describing the organisational systems of the Spartan army through the Hellenistic period, how they were trained, the battles they fought, and the society that produced them/5(18). The Spartan hoplite army, however, showed the rest of Greece the way forward towards a greater military professionalism and considering the iconic image of fearless and disciplined hoplites with red cloaks and lambda-emblazoned shields, for the Greeks, admiring Romans and even 21st century film-goers, this is Sparta.

Establishment of Spartan hegemony over the Peloponnese[ edit ] Inevitably, these two powers collided. Initial Argive successes, such as the victory at the Battle of Hysiae in BC, led to an uprising of the Messenianswhich tied down the Spartan army for almost 20 years.

Arcadia was forced to recognize Spartan overlordship; Argos lost Cynuria the SE coast of the Peloponnese in about and suffered a further crippling blow from Cleomenes I at the Battle of Sepeia inwhile repeated expeditions against tyrannical regimes throughout Greece greatly raised their prestige.

King Croesus of Lydia established an alliance with the Spartans, [10] and later, the Greek cities of Asia Minor appealed to them for help during the Ionian Revolt.

You May Also Like

The Spartans played a crucial role in the repulsion of the invasion, notably at the battles of Thermopylae and Plataea. In the aftermath, however, due to the plottings of Pausanias with the Persians and their unwillingness to campaign too far from home, the Spartans withdrew into a relative isolation, leaving the rising power of Athens to lead the continued effort against the Persians.

This isolationist tendency was further reinforced by the revolts of some of her allies and a great earthquake inwhich was followed by a large scale revolt of the Messenian helots.

The spartan military

Sparta suffered several defeats during these wars, including, for the first time, the surrender of an entire Spartan unit at Sphacteria in BC, but ultimately emerged victorious, primarily through the aid it received from the Persians. Under its admiral Lysanderthe Persian-funded Peloponnesian fleet captured the cities of the Athenian alliance, and a decisive naval victory at Aegospotami forced Athens to capitulate.

End of Hegemony[ edit ] Further information: Spartan hegemony Spartan ascendancy did not last long. By the end of the 5th century BC, Sparta had suffered serious casualties in the Peloponnesian Wars, and its conservative and narrow mentality alienated many of its former allies.

At the same time, its military class - the Spartiate caste - was in decline for several reasons:The Spartan Military: The History and Legacy of the Ancient World's Most Renowned Army [Charles River Editors] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

*Includes pictures *Includes ancient accounts describing the Spartan military *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents /5(3).

Spartan founder and CEO Joe De Sena said, “The Honor Series was created to pay tribute to members of the U.S. Armed Forces, and together with USAA and thousands of racers, we will honor.

Spartan culture was centered on loyalty to the state and military service. At age 7, Spartan boys entered a rigorous state-sponsored education, military training and socialization program.

Known as the Agoge, the system emphasized duty, discipline and endurance. The Spartan Army (Elite) [Nicholas Sekunda, Richard Hook] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Spartan Military

Although Sparta's early history is not clear, by the end of the 8th century most of the other cities of Lakedaimon had been reduced to subject status. The Lakedaimonians were the only full time army in ancient Greece and were thus /5(18).

Nick Sekunda examines this unique military machine in this book describing the organisational systems of the Spartan army through the Hellenistic period, how they were trained, the battles they fought, and the society that produced them/5(18).

The Spartan hoplite army, however, showed the rest of Greece the way forward towards a greater military professionalism and considering the iconic image of fearless and disciplined hoplites with red cloaks and lambda-emblazoned shields, for the Greeks, admiring Romans and even 21st century film-goers, this is Sparta.

Spartan army - Wikipedia