The new politics of the welfare

Drug Tests for Welfare Recipients Various states require that public assistance recipients pass a drug test?

The new politics of the welfare

Animal Welfare What is Animal Welfare? Animal welfare relates to the general health and well-being of animals and covers a wide range of issues, from the care of family pets to concerns about exploitation and abuse.

Animal rights The new politics of the welfare hotly debated. Proponents stress the helplessness and vulnerability of animals and campaign for their protection, particularly in areas such as medical research and factory farming.

Others take a more pragmatic approach, insisting that the ever-increasing demand for better medicines and more food should take priority over the rights of animals.

However, few in Britain today would argue against the need to protect animals from suffering and there are many organisations which continue to campaign vigorously for animal rights. Background Britain could claim to be something of a world leader in animal welfare, having been responsible for the first ever animal welfare legislation and the first animal welfare charity.

The act stated that if any person or persons "shall wantonly and cruelly beat, abuse, or ill-treat any horse, mare, gelding, mule, ass, ox, cow, heifer, steer, sheep, or other cattle" they would be fined a sum "not exceeding five pounds, not less than ten shillings"; failure to pay the fine would result in a prison sentence of up to three months.

Not everyone appeared to take the new law seriously, however, and there were concerns that the legislation was not being properly implemented. Other animal charities began to be established towards the end of the 19th century and some, like the RSPCA, are still going strong today. Animal experimentation also became a major issue around that time.

Although live animals had been used in research for many years, it was not until the late 19th century that anti-vivisection societies began to organise concerted opposition to the practice. Five of the societies merged in to form the British Union, which later became the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection.

Support for the movement grew rapidly and today the BUAV and many other national and international groups are continuing to campaign for an end to all animal experimentation. The work of the various charities was supported by the introduction of further legislation which was gradually expanded to cover domestic and other animals.

The Protection of Animals Act was introduced to "consolidate, amend, and extend certain enactments relating to Animals and to Knackers". The Act made it an offence of cruelty to "cruelly beat, kick, ill-treat, over-ride, over-drive, over-load, torture, infuriate, or terrify any animal" or permit an animal to be so used; to "convey or carry, or permit to be conveyed or carried, any animal in such manner or position as to cause that animal any unnecessary suffering"; to "cause or assist at the fighting or baiting of any animal"; to "administer, or cause administration of, any poisonous or injurious drug or substance to any animal; and to "cause or permit any animal to any operation which is performed without due care and humanity".

Further Acts were passed throughout the 20th century. In the most significant piece of animal welfare legislation was passed. The Animal Welfare Act in force April largely repealed and replaced the Protection of Animals Act, strengthened and updated the provisions of that Act, and consolidated and updated several other pieces of animal welfare legislation.

In addition, the Act introduced a new offence of failing to ensure the welfare of an animal. Any person responsible for an animal must ensure that five specific needs of the animal are met: The Animal Welfare Act also provides for secondary legislation and codes of practice to be introduced to further promote the welfare of animals.

The Government has already introduced codes of practice for the welfare of dogs, cats, horses and primates and is continuing to review other areas where similar updates could be made. European animal welfare legislation is based on the recognition that all animals, from pets to farm animals, are sentient beings — i.

A legally binding protocol attached to the Treaty of Amsterdam recognised animals as "sentient beings" and this recognition was strengthened in the Lisbon Treaty of which included animal sentience as an Article in the main body of the Treaty.

Although the Community legislation lays down only minimum standards, the EC has said that national governments "may adopt more stringent rules provided they are compatible with the provisions of the Treaty.

The EU subsequently published a new Animal Welfare strategy forwhich lays the foundation for improving welfare standards during that period and aims to ensure the same high standards are applied and enforced in all EU countries.

In additiona, it covers animals used for experimentation about 12 million per year and animals living in zoos. However, several animal welfare organisations and individuals remain concerned that animals in other parts of the world do not have the same kind of legislative protection and are supporting a campaign, organised by the World Society for the Protection of Animals WSPAto secure a commitment at the United Nations for a Universal Declaration on Animal Welfare UDAW.

The UDAW would be an international agreement that animals are sentient beings, that animal welfare needs must be respected and that animal cruelty must end. The campaign is reported to have over two million supporters worldwide and the WSPA believes that securing such a commitment at the UN would create the required pressure for governments to put in place firm laws and enforcement for animal welfare.Drug Tests for Welfare Recipients Various states require that public assistance recipients pass a drug test?

Politics, Economics, and Welfare [Robert A. Dahl, Charles E. Lindbloom] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. For most of this century, the habit of thinking about politics and economics in terms of grand and simple alternatives has exerted a powerful influence over the minds of those concerned with economic organization.

New Nationalism may refer to. New Nationalism (Theodore Roosevelt), a Progressive political philosophy during the U.S.

The new politics of the welfare

presidential election New Nationalism (21st century), a type of nationalism that rose in the mids especially in Western Europe and the United States.

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Paul Pierson

The New Politics of the Welfare State Economic, political, and social pressures have fostered an image of welfare states under siege.

Yet if one turns from abstract discussions of social transformation to an examination of actual policy, it becomes difficult to sustain the proposition that these strains have generated fundamental shifts.

Social welfare has long been an important part of New Zealand society and a significant political issue. It is concerned with the provision by the state of benefits and services. Together with fiscal welfare and occupational welfare, it makes up the social policy of New Zealand.

Social welfare is mostly funded through general taxation.

The new politics of the welfare

Since the s welfare has been provided on the basis of.

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