The first case of AIDS was diagnosed in In the mids, 2 per cent of pregnant women attending prenatal clinics were HIV infected; in less than two decades an estimated 35 per cent of pregnant women were infected.
Examine the ways in which social policies and laws may influence families and households. By louisecp1, Scly1 families and households social policy 29 9: Social policies are the laws and practices put in place by the government that effect social issues, in this case the family.
More recently in China they have a one child policy, if individuals have more than one child the government have put in place a series of penalties try and control their population. In the UK sociologists are interested in if social policy has caused families to become more diverse or different.
One way in which families have become more diverse is an increase in same sex families. This is lesbian and gay couples living with children.
Social policies that can be linked to this type of family diversity are laws to do with homosexuality in the UK. For example, in male homosexuality was legalised in the UK this has made homosexuality more socially accepted; this would allow gay couples to start a recognised family.
However, other social policies have made same sex families even more accepted. For example, in the UK adoption laws were changed to allow gay couples to adopt children and create a family unit.
Furthermore, in the Civil Partnership Act meant that gay individuals could now enter into a civil partnership; resulting in the stability and long term commitment of a family. All these changes could be linked to the growth of same sex families. Some sociologists are really happy with these changes.
For example, feminists believe that society is patriarchal, meaning that men dominate and exploit women.
They suggest that many laws in society are unequal and oppressive to women. Before the introduction of civil partnerships this meant that homosexual women were denied the same rights as heterosexual women and this could be evidence of patriarchy.
However, things like civil partnerships and changes in adoption laws give women an equal basis to form a committed relationship and a family free from the patriarchal control of men.
This would particularly appeal to radical feminists some of which are lesbian separatists. However, some sociologists are deeply unhappy with these changes. The New Right believe that the nuclear family is needed for the correct socialisation of children.
They believe male and female role models are required for children to become functional adults. Some sociologists have suggested that other family types have been encouraged by social policy.
One other way in which families have become more diverse is that there has been a great increase in single parent families. There are a range of social policies that could be linked to this trend. For example, in the UK over time divorce laws have changed and divorce has become easier and cheaper over time.
What this means is that that more marriages may break up leaving a single parent families this could also be linked to the increase in reconstituted families that have been seen in the UK.
Furthermore, there are now a range of welfare benefits that are available to single parents that may mean that they are now in a position to support children on their own. These include housing benefits, child benefits and tax credits. This could encourage some individuals to have single parent families.
The New Right are opposed to this type of diversity, suggesting that single parent families produce an underclass in society. This is because they are mainly headed by women and are welfare dependent, without a male role this produces irresponsible and antisocial young men that do not go out and be a breadwinner.
This pattern is passed from one generation to the next creating a dependency culture.
However, feminists would be highly critical of these arguments as sexist as it suggest women cannot successfully bring up children free from the patriarchy of men. They suggest that the benefits that women receive as single parents can help them escape domestic violence and abusive relationships.
A single parent environment could be far better for a child than a nuclear family where domestic violence occurs at the hands of men. In contrast to all of the above arguments some sociologists have suggested that social policies encourage the nuclear family and discourage diversity.
For example, marriage laws in the UK only allow you to marry one person, encouraging the nuclear family. Furthermore, the coalition government intend to introduce a married person tax allowance to encourage marriage and the nuclear family.Donzelot: Policy Is A Form of State Power The policing of families occurs from health and social workers.
Poor families are unfairly targeted and labelled as 'problem families'. The impact of shocks on social welfare depends on a variety of factors, including the nature of the shock, the country’s macroeconomic situation, initial household and community conditions, and the extent and types of policy responses by the.
A new report, “All Children Matter: How Legal and Social Inequalities Hurt LGBT Families,” from the Movement Advancement Project, the Family Equality Council, and the Center for American.
SCLY Families and Households [REVISION GUIDE] 9 Social Policy Although sociologists agree that social policy can have an important influence on family life, they hold different views about what kinds of effects it has and whether these are desirable. discussions about social policy often focus on the intergenerational cycle of poverty and the so-called poverty trap because, for many families, low incomes persist for years, lifetimes, and generations.
Proponents of this approach argued that many social policies — welfare and tax policy, for example — were actually anti-marriage, even if research only weakly demonstrated that the disincentives to marry embedded in these policies actually affected behavior.