Does our primitive nature come back to us if we are in need of it or is all forgotten about are primitive background? In William Golding"s novel Lord of the Flies such a situation occurs.
Biography[ edit ] Sumner wrote an autobiographical sketch for the fourth of the histories of the Class of Yale College.
Starr, class of Yale Department of Theology, published the first full-length biography of Sumner. His mother, Sarah Graham, was also born in England. She was brought to the United States in by her parents.
Sumner wrote about his high regard for his father: However, "at the present time," Sumner wrote, "in regard to those matters, I hold with him and not with the others. After graduation, he worked for two years as a clerk in a store before going to Yale College from which he graduated in He was elected to the Phi Beta Kappa Society in his junior year and in his senior year to the secretive Skull and Bones society.
This and money given to him by his father and friends allowed Sumner to go to Europe for further studies. However, Herbert Spencer was to have the "dominating influence upon Sumner's thought. While at Oxford, Sumner was elected a tutor in mathematics.
He was made a lecturer in Greek at Yale, beginning in September Elliott of New York City. They had three boys: They "stressed without surcease the Puritan virtues of hard work, self-reliance, self-denial, frugality, prudence, and perseverance. At his ordination, Sumner said that he thought that he was "truly called" to the ministry.
Karier says, "Sumner found that his deity vanished with the years. Starr found that Sumner "never attacked religion" or "assumed a controversial attitude toward it. After that, Sumner attended church only occasionally. However, in the closing years of his life, he baptized a little grandson, and not long before his death he attended New Haven's St.
John's Church  to receive Holy Communion. Starr wrote that these two events "suggest that deep down in his nature a modicum of religion remained. Students clamored to enroll in his classes. The faculty soon split into two factions one supporting and the other opposing Sumner's defiance.
His "acidic style" outraged his opponents, but it pleased his supporters. In —, he served as an alderman in New Haven. Inresearching the contested presidential electionhe went with a group to Louisiana to find "what kind of a presidential election they had that year.
Sumner said, "I have lived through the best period of this country's history. The next generations are going to see wars and social calamities.
One adversary he mentioned by name was Edward Bellamywhose national variant of socialism was set forth in Looking Backwardpublished inand the sequel Equality. He was a vice president of the Anti-Imperialist League which had been formed after the war to oppose the annexation of territories.
Sociologist[ edit ] As a sociologisthis major accomplishments were developing the concepts of diffusionfolkwaysand ethnocentrism. Sumner's work with folkways led him to conclude that attempts at government-mandated reform were useless. InSumner was involved in one of the first cases of academic freedom.
Sumner and the Yale president at the time, Noah Porterdid not agree on the use of Herbert Spencer 's "Study of Sociology" as part of the curriculum.
On the other hand, even if Spencer's ideas were not generally accepted, it is clear that his social ideas influenced Sumner in his written works. Sumner and Social Darwinism[ edit ] William Graham Sumner was influenced by many people and ideas such as Herbert Spencer and this has led many to associate Sumner with social Darwinism.
InSumner wrote an essay titled "Sociology. He explained that there are two sides to the struggle for survival of a human. The first side is a "struggle for existence,"  which is a relationship between man and nature.
The second side would be the "competition for life," which can be identified as a relationship between man and man. Man would struggle against nature to obtain essential needs such as food or water and in turn this would create the conflict between man and man in order to obtain needs from a limited supply.
Bannister, the Swarthmore historian, Was William Graham Sumner an advocate of "social Darwinism"?Sir Thomas More educational material resource center for teachers and scholars. Online library of More’s complete works, scholarship on Thomas More, and historical and biographical information, concordances, artwork, photos, images and lesson plans relating to the life of Thomas More.
About Nature and Selected Essays. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators. A summary of Themes in Henry David Thoreau's Walden.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Walden and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Introductory notes. The subject of this chapter of our TrotskyanaNet site is not the Trotskyist press in general, i.e.
the serials (or, periodicals) produced and disseminated by the numerous national parties and groups or international bodies claiming adherence to Trotsky and/or to Trotskyist positions in past and present.
Those publications were dealt with in our Trotskyist Serials. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Karl Marx (–) Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays.
William Graham Sumner (October 30, – April 12, ) was a classical liberal American social scientist. He taught social sciences at Yale, where he held the nation's first professorship in timberdesignmag.com was one of the most influential teachers at Yale or any other major school.