If abortion based on gender is wrong so is abortion based on disability: U of C prof The If abortion based on gender is wrong so is abortion based on disability: U of C prof Research suggesting sex-selective abortions are taking place in Canada has sparked discussion about the acceptable reasons for terminating a pregnancy.
Abortion The abortion debate most commonly relates to the "induced abortion" of an embryo or fetus at some point in a pregnancy, which is also how the term is used in a legal sense.
In medical parlance, "abortion" can refer to either miscarriage or abortion until the fetus is viable. After viability, doctors call an abortion a "termination of pregnancy". Rise of anti-abortion legislation[ edit ] Abortion laws in the U.
Illegal 30 Legal in case of rape 1 Legal in case of danger to woman's health 2 Legal in case of danger to woman's health, rape or incest, or likely damaged fetus 13 Legal on request 4 [ citation needed ] When the United States first became independent, most states applied English common law to abortion.
This meant it was not permitted after quickeningor the start of fetal movementsusually felt 15—20 weeks after conception. Ina Connecticut law targeted apothecaries who sold "poisons" to women for purposes of inducing an abortion, and New York made post-quickening abortions a felony and pre-quickening abortions a misdemeanor in Some argue that the early American abortion Abortion based on gender in different were motivated not by ethical concerns about abortion but by concern about the procedure's safety.
However, some legal theorists point out that this theory is inconsistent with the fact that abortion was punishable regardless of whether any harm befell the pregnant woman and the fact that many of the early laws punished not only the doctor or abortionist, but also the woman who hired them.
Physicianswho were the leading advocates of abortion criminalization laws, appear to have been motivated at least in part by advances in medical knowledge.
Science had discovered that conception inaugurated a more or less continuous process of development, which would produce a new human being if uninterrupted. Moreover, quickening was found to be neither more nor less crucial in the process of gestation than any other step.
Many physicians concluded that if society considered it unjustifiable to terminate pregnancy after the fetus had quickened, and if quickening was a relatively unimportant step in the gestation process, then it was just as wrong to terminate a pregnancy before quickening as after quickening.
For one, abortion providers tended to be untrained and not members of medical societies. In an age where the leading doctors in the nation were attempting to standardize the medical profession, these "irregulars" were considered a nuisance to public health.
Despite campaigns to end the practice of abortion, abortifacient advertising was highly effective in the United Statesthough less so across the Atlantic. Before the start of the 19th century, most abortions were sought by unmarried women who had become pregnant out of wedlock.
In the post-Civil War eramuch of the blame was placed on the burgeoning women's rights movement. Though the medical profession expressed hostility toward feminism, many feminists of the era were opposed to abortion.
Anthonyan anonymous contributor signing "A" wrote in about the subject, arguing that instead of merely attempting to pass a law against abortion, the root cause must also be addressed.
Simply passing an anti-abortion law would, the writer stated, "be only mowing off the top of the noxious weed, while the root remains. It will burden her conscience in life, it will burden her soul in death; But oh!
This movement presaged the modern debate over women's body rights. Criminalization of abortion accelerated from the late s, through the efforts of concerned legislators, doctors, and the American Medical Association. Later that year, Comstock successfully influenced the United States Congress to pass the Comstock Lawwhich made it illegal to deliver through the U.
It also prohibited producing or publishing information pertaining to the procurement of abortion or the prevention of conception or venereal diseaseeven to medical students. Some states included provisions allowing for abortion in limited circumstances, generally to protect the woman's life or to terminate pregnancies arising from rape or incest.
The American Birth Control League was founded by Margaret Sanger in to promote the founding of birth control clinics and enable women to control their own fertility. Born in the area of Phoenix, ArizonaSherri had 4 very healthy children. However, during her pregnancy with her 5th child, she had found that the child had many different deformities.
Finkbine strongly wanted an abortion, however the abortion laws of Arizona limited her decision. In Arizona, an abortion could only occur if the mother's life was in danger.The abortion right should not include the right “to bear or abort a particular child” based on particular traits such as gender.
 A Moral Responsibility to Act. Thousands of female foetuses have been killed due to gender-based abortion within some ethnic groups, the latest data reveals.
Official figures suggest as many as 4, females have disappeared. When abortion is allowed, the possibility that women abort based on gender becomes a reality. It is also true that people were having abortions even when it was banned.
Legalising abortion does make it easier to do so, and some women and men are quite cavalier about it. Abortion Based on Gender in Different Cultures Essay Running head: ABORTION Abortion Based on Gender in Different Cultures Betty Smith Introduction to Sociology March 14, Abortion Based on Gender in Different Cultures There is much controversy over a bill a U.S.
House of Representatives committee approved prohibiting abortion based on. Others question whether the morality of sex selective abortion is any different over morality of abortion when there is no risk to the mother nor to the fetus, and abortion is used as a means to end an unwanted pregnancy?
but did not anticipate sex selective abortion based on technology advances. India Confronts Gender-Selective. In this survey, % reported being forced to have relations (although a figure as high as % is possible depending on data breakdown).
It is also interesting to note that 17% of abortions were for pregnancies following "proper" use of contraception.