A analysis of clothing in ancient rome

The tunica was a short woolen under garment with short sleeves.

A analysis of clothing in ancient rome

The tunica was a short woolen under garment with short sleeves. By contrast, to wear a long tunic with long sleeves was considered effeminate and was generally avoided by society as a whole.

It was originally worn mainly by the working class plebes, freedmen and slaves, though its function as an undergarment for any class of people is attested. As the toga was specifically meant as a public display garment, the tunica was also worn by any people within the comforts of their own homes.

The tunic worn by patrician men was made from white wool or expensive linen, while the poor would wear whatever fabric was readily available.

Magistrates wore the tunic augusticlavia, and senators wore a tunic with broad strip called the tunica laticlavia. In addition, a belt would be worn around the waist of the tunica to hold the waist of the garment snug, giving the impression of a two piece garment. The classic toga was a distinct Roman garment that only actual citizens were allowed to wear.

Its distinct purpose was to indicate peaceful endeavors, as opposed to the sagum cloak, worn during times of war.


The toga was a large cumbersome robe like garment of white wool and used up to 9 yards of material. Being such a bulky and uncomfortable article of clothing, it became customary in later times to wear it only on state occasions.

During the time of Augustus, however, he implemented a strict moral code requiring the toga to be worn in all facets of public life. As time passed and Roman societal tradition shifted and absorbed new cultures, these rules were relaxed. The more comfortable tunic, covered by a cloak called the lacerna, became commonplace in all facets of society.

Some common, known types: The toga virilis was a plain, unadorned toga made in off-white color. It was worn by any adult male. Toga praetexta was an off-white toga with a broad purple border.

This toga was reserved for Senators and Curule Magistrates such as Consuls. There were minor distinctions between stripe indications for various magistrate positions. Toga pulla was a dark toga worn strictly in times of mourning. Toga candida was an artificially whitened toga worn by candidates for political office.

The Clothing of Ancient Romans

It was important to be white to indicate both purity of intention by the candidate and for the candidate himself to stand out from the crowd. The toga picta was a special all purple toga embroidered with gold thread worn by a Roman general during a triumphal parade. Julius Caesar later adopted it as part of his regular dress and the emperors followed suit by using this type during many state occasions.

The picta was likely adapted from the aptly named toga purpura, an all-purple toga worn by the early kings.Ancient Rome, the state centred on the city of Rome. This article discusses the period from the founding of the city and the regal period, which began in bc, through the events leading to the founding of the republic in bc, the establishment of the empire in 27 bc, and the final eclipse of the Empire of the West in the 5th century ad.

Books Related to the Clothing of Ancient Rome: Roman Clothing and Fashion. hairstyles, colours, fabrics and jewellery, and an analysis of the intricate system of social meanings that they comprise. Click Here for More. Ancient Greek, Roman & Byzantine Costume.

by Mary G. Houston. What did the Ancient Romans wear and how was it similar to Ancient Great clothing?

A analysis of clothing in ancient rome

This list includes outerwear, footwear, and underwear. The Basics of Ancient Roman Clothing Information on the basics of ancient Roman clothing. Share Flipboard Email Print History & Culture. 6 Types of Togas Worn in Ancient Rome.

Clothing in Ancient Roman. Class Differences.

A analysis of clothing in ancient rome

Roman dress differed from one class to another. The tunic was worn by plebians (common people), herdsmen and slaves was made from a coarse dark material.

Clothing in the ancient world Jump to In ancient Rome, boys after the age of sixteen had their clothes burned as a sign of growing up. Recent analysis of Harappan silk fibers in beads have shown that silk was made by the process of reeling, an art known only to China until the early centuries CE.

I. Clothing and Status: Ancient Rome was very much a “face-to-face” society (actually more of an “in-your-face” society), and public display and recognition of status were an essential part of having status. Much of Roman clothing was designed to reveal the social status of .

Clothing in Ancient Roman - Crystalinks